Emperors had technically been the rulers of Japan for a long time. Japan made rapid strides to industrialize after the Meiji Restoration of 1868, boosting its transportation and communication networks and revolutionizing its light industry by the turn of the century. Most “samurai” were salaried. Western powers approaching Japan, Emperor Meiji finally opened up Japan's door to the world in order to deal with the western powers. The emperor took the name Meiji ("enlightened rule") as his reign name; this event was known as the Meiji Restoration. Why did Japan industrialize during the Meiji Period? The Meiji Era policy of using private businesses to promote government policy objectives proved successful. When Park Chung Hee of South Korea wanted to industrialize South Korea he created the system of Chaebol, the goverment-sponsored firms such as Hyundai, Samsun, Lucky Goldstar, Daewoo, etc. Because of the gun-boat policy from Commodore Perry, the Japanese finally allowed the west to come to Japan in order to industrialized and get ahead. The process first began during the Meiji Restoration (1868-1890), as Japan tried to reshape itself as a European-style empire, and lasted into the early 20th century. The “samurai” was not a “class” in the Marxian sense where class is determined by whether you owned the means of production. With the advent of the Kamakura shogunate, however, shogun ruled the army and the people for several hundred years. With Emperor Meiji’s ascension to the throne in 1867, Japan theoretically restored power to the emperor, but because he was only 15 years old he had little governing power. what did the govt do during the Meiji period the govt helped industrialize and modernize but it put a strain on the govt they sold industries to private investors -the govt introduces an education system and constitution creating parliment Japan had help from Western nations when it came to industrial growth. By the end of the Meiji … Instead, the power rested with the new government consisting of a small, close-knit cabinet of advisers. The Tokugawa Shogunate was the government that rule Japan from 1600 to 1868. This is important to the growth and ideas that came with the reforms and transformation Japan was undergoing during the Meiji period. During early industrialisation, women were worked in factories under poor conditions. During the Meiji period, powers such as Europe and the United States helped transform Japan and made them realize a change needed to take place. This fact is deeply imprinted in the consciousness of our close forebears who lived during the Meiji (1868-1912), Taisho (1912-26) and Showa (1926-89) Periods. The Salient Features of Japan as a Developing Economy Lessons from the Meiji Period For a long time after the Edo government opened its ports (1854), Japan remained a developing country. In 1868 the Tokugawa shôgun ("great general"), who ruled Japan in the feudal period, lost his power and the emperor was restored to the supreme position. They were constantly exploited and denied any freedom. 1. How did industrialization affect Japan? Explain the social, political, and economic impacts of industrialization on Japan during the Meiji Restoration. 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