Capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger, or distended blood vessels; commonly called couperose skin. by perspiration, radiation, and insulation. Study Flashcards On Chapter 10 Test Review - Physiology & Histology of the Skin at Cram.com. Free radicals are unstable molecules that cause inflammation, disease, and biochemical aging in the body, especially wrinkling and sagging of the skin. The papillae are filled with tissue that contains the blood vessels and cell necessary for hair growth and follicle nourishment, Hydrating fluids found in the skin; hydrophilic agent with water binding properties, An oil-water balance that protects the skin surface, Lipid substances between corneum cells that protect the cells from water loss and irritation, Fibrous protein of cells that is also the principle component of skin, hair, and nails; provides resiliency and protection, Epidermal cells composed of keratin, lipids, and other proteins, Guard cells of the immune system that sense unrecognized foreign invaders, such as bacteria, and the process these antigens for removal through the lymph system, White blood cells that have enzymes to digest and kill bacteria and parasites. ... Milady Chapter 10 - Disorders and Diseases of the Skin. In some sections, you may also see an internal root sheath of darker staining cells right up against the hair follicle - this is the layer of cells that actually produce the keratinized hair shaft. Which of the following answers stimulates cell turnover? Hardened, waterproof, protective keratinocytes; these "dead" protein cells are dried out and lack nuclei, Membranes of ridges and grooves that attach to the epidermis; contains nerve endings and supplies nourishment through capillaries to skin and follicles, Support layer of connective tissue, collagen, and elastin below the epidermis, The structures that assist in holding cells together; intercellular connections made of proteins, Sweat glands found all over the body with openings on the skin's surface through pores; not attached to hair follicles; secretions do not produce an offensive oder, Protein fiber found in the dermis; gives skin its elasticity and firmness, Stimulates cells to reproduce and heal; abb. Gives the skin FORM & STRENGTH. Strong emotions or a cold sensation causes the muscle to contract, which results in the hair standing up straight better known as goose bumps . Also known as adipose tissue, Excrete perspiration, regulate body temperature, and detoxify the body by excreting excess salt and unwanted chemicals. The The epidermis is only 0.04 millimeter (mm) to 1.5 mm thick. Deeper layer of the dermis containing proteins, collagen, and elastin that give the skin its strength and elasticity. The sebaceous glands secrete a fatty or an oily substance called_____which lubricates the skin. Which fibers stimulate the arrector pili muscles? Also known as sweat glands. What is anagen. Topically a large, long-chain molecular protein that lies on the top of the skin and binds water; derived from the placentas of cows or other sources. Also known as burning Rays, The functions, layers, and anatomy of the skin, Study of the structure and composition of the skin tissue. Sebum: Definition. Nicotine causes contraction of the blood vessels and small capillaries, UVB is a type of ultraviolet electromagnetic. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Amino acids. Cortex. Also known as the basal layer, Layer of the epidermis composed of cells filled with keratin that resemble granules; replaces cell shed from the stratum corneum. The skin contains the surface endings of the following nerve fibers: a) … Milady Standard Cosmetology: Chapter 7. acne. The arrector pili muscle is the small, involuntary muscle in the base of the hair follicle. Study 100 Cosmo Mid Term flashcards from Amanda T. on StudyBlue. Fibrous, connective tissue made from protein; found in the reticular layer of the dermis; gives skin its firmness. answer. Small involuntary muscles in the base of the hair follicle that cause goose flesh when the appendage contracts sometimes called goose bumps and papillae, Protective barrier of the epidermis; the corneum and intercellular matrix protect the surface from irritation and dehydration, Glycolipid materials that are a natural part of skin's intercellular matrix and barrier function. callus. Study 61 Ch. 11 Properties of the hair and scalp flashcards on StudyBlue. Term. by stephanieburch17, Mar. Study 200 Chapter 10, 11, 12 & 16 Milady flashcards from Laura G. on StudyBlue. f) (Arrector pili muscles) g) (Oil glands) 6. It's a fibrous protein Active layer of the epidermis above the papillary layer of the dermis; cell mitosis takes place here that produces new epidermal skin cells and is responsible for growth. 7. The dermal papilla is a small, cone-shaped elevation located at the base of the hair follicle that fits into the hair bulb. © Milady, a part of Cengage Learning. Cells that stimulate cells, collagen and amino acids that form proteins. Malassezia. Study 144 WA State Master Esthetics Board Review. refers to the study of the structure and composition of the skin tissues. Identify the greatest aging effect on skin, Red, inflamed skin is an indication of free radical. The barrier function of the skin includes. The tiny, involuntary muscle fiber in the skin inserted in the base of the hair follicle is the: question. The measurement that describes the number of individual hair strands on one square inch of the scalp is: question. Involuntary muscle ! Milady Chapter 11 Vocab ... Arrector pili muscle. Which fibers stimulate the arrector pili muscles? What is the average pH of the acid mantle? Dermal papilla. The technical term used to describe gray hair is: Term. The average adult skin cell turnover rate is, The grainy cells in the epidermis are known as the. Also known as granular layer, Clear, transparent layer of the epidermis under the stratum corneum; thickest on the palms of hands and soles of feet, Layer of the epidermis above the stratum germinativum layer containing desmosomes, the intercellular connections made proteins. Also known as spiny layer, Subcutaneous adipose tissue located beneath the dermis; a protective cushion and energy storage for the body. Arrector pili. Layer of the epidermis above the stratum germinativum layer containing desmosomes, the intercellular connections made of proteins. Protective barrier of the epidermis; the corneum and intercellular matrix protect the surface from irritation and dehydration. Strong emotions or a cold sensation cause it to contract, which makes the hair stand up straight and results in what we call goose bumps. A condition of abnormal hair growth on areas of the body is: Term. One millimeter is .039 of an inch. Also known as aging Rays, UVB wavelengths range between 290-320 nanometers. Study of the functions of living organisms. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. collagen. • The arrector pili muscle is the small, involuntary muscle in the base of the hair follicle. It's small and located in the base of the hair follicle. arrector pili muscle. Hair follicles and sebaceous follicles are tube-like openings in the epidermis. Definition The hair follicle is the tube-like depression or pocket in the skin or scalp that contains the hair root. Small, involuntary muscles in the base of the hair follicle that cause goose flesh when the appendage contracts, sometimes called goose bumps and papillae. … callus. Langerhans immune cells Glycation alters protein structures and decreases biological activity. Sweat glands found all over the body with openings on the skin's surface through pores; not attached to hair follicles, secretions do not produce an offensive odor. Appendages connected to follicles. (Fat gives smoothness and contour to the body, is used for energy by the body, and serves as a protective cushion for the skin.) Which answer most accurately describes the stratum lucidum? Which answer most accurately describes the stratum corneum? arrector pili. Mitosis occurs in which layer of the skin? threading Also known as banding. UVA contributes up to 95 % of the skins ultraviolet radiation. Glycation alters protein structures and decreases biological activity. The arrector pili muscle is the small, involuntary muscle in the base of the hair follicle. Tiny grains of pigment (coloring matter) that are producted by melanocytes and deposited into cells in the stratum germinativum layer of the epidermis and in the papillary layers of the dermis. The immune cells that protect us from foreign substances are the, Sensory nerve fibers are most abundant in the, The average body's internal thermostat is set at. EGF, Outermost layer of skin; a thin, protective layer with many cells, mechanisms and nerve endings. Protein fiber found in the dermis; gives skin its elasticity and firmness. Hair root. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! Hair follicles are not found on the ..... What is soles of the feet. Is a muscle that's the base of the hair follicle. Follicle Bulb Dermal papilla Sebaceous glands Arrector pili muscle Identify the layers of the hair shaft. ... Name and describe the two types of hair and their locations in the body. Start studying Milady Chapter 11- Properties of the Hair and Scalp. These white blood cells also respond to allergies, Located in the dermis, these supply nourishment within the skin and remove waste, Tiny grains of pigment that are produced by melanocytes and deposited into cells in the stratum germinativum layer of the epidermis and the papillary layers of the dermis. Coiled structures attached to hair follicles found in the underarm and genital areas that secrete sweat. Physiology is most accurately described as the study of the. Sebum. View Notes - Milady Pop QuizTerm: Definition: The Deepest layer of the epidermis, the basal cell layer, is also known as the_ _Stratum Germinativum Term: Definition: The layer of skin that is Proteins are the basic material and building blocks. Free radicals are super oxidizers that cause an oxidation reaction and produce a new free radical in the process that are created by highly reactive atoms or molecules (often oxygen). Oil that provides protection for the epidermis from external factors and lubricates both the skin and hair. It is a protein that determines hair, eye, and skin color; a defense mechanism to protect skin from the sun, Cells that produce skin pigment granules in the basal layer, Pigment carrying granules that produce melanin, a complex protein, Top layer of the dermis next to the epidermis, A type of melanin that is red and yellow in color. Definition. It is made up of five layers: stratum corneum, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, and stratum germinitavum. People with light-colored skin mostly produce phenomena in. The hair shaft is the portion of the hair we see extending above the skin surface List the structures of the hair root. Which layer of the skin produces melanin? It is important to understand the function of each layer of the skin because it helps you to correctly, About 95 percent of the epidermis is made up of. Differences in genetic skin color are due to. Arrector Pili: Definition. Capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger, or distended, blood vessels; commonly called couperose skin, Water loss caused by evaporation on the skins surface. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Which glands excrete perspiration and detoxify the body? glands, sebaceous (oil) glands, and hair follicles, as well as arrector pili muscles. During the ..... phase, new hair is produced because new cells are actively manufactured in the hair follicle. Study Flashcards On Cosmetology Milady's Ch 7 Skin Structure & Growth at Cram.com. Caused by an elevation in blood sugar, glycation is the binding of a protein molecule to a glucose molecule resulting in the formation of damaged, nonfunctioning structures, known as Advanced Glycation End products. Study Flashcards On Cosmetology Milady's Ch 9 Properties of the Hair and Scalp at Cram.com. Layer of the epidermis composed of cells filled with keratin that resemble granules; replace cells shed from the stratum corneum. ... fibers of the nerves that are distributed to the arrector pili muscles attached to hair follicles motor nerves carry impulses from the brain to the muscles . 400. These white blood cells also respond to allergies. Small involuntary muscles in the base of the hair follicle that cause gooseflesh when the appendage contracts, sometimes called goosebumps and papillae Arrector pili muscle Protective barrier of the epidermis; the corneum and the intercellular matrix protect the surface from irritation and dehydration. Tube-like opening for sweat glands on the epidermis. Distributed to the arrector pili muscles attached to the hair follicles. Also called derma, corium, cutis, or true skin, support lay of connective tissue, collagen, and elastin below the epidermis. percent of aging is caused by sun exposure. Whether the person has more pheomelanin or eumelanin. List and describe different types of hair loss. The hair unit that contains the hair follicle and appendages: the hair root, bulb, dermal papilla, sebaceous appendage, and arrector pili muscle. Units that are joined together end to end like pop beads. Arrector pili muscles (ah-REK-tohr PY-leh MUS-uls) are the small, involuntary muscles in the base of the hair that cause goose flesh—or goose bumps, as many people call them—and papillae. Hypertrichosis: Definition. 400. Caused by an elevation in blood sugar, glycation is the binding of a protein molecule to a glucose molecule resulting in the formation of damaged, nonfunctioning structures, known as Advanced Glycation End products (AGES). Also known as oil glands, Oil that provides protection for the epidermis from external factors and lubricants both the skin and hair, Outermost layer of the epidermis, composed of corneocytes, Active layer of the epidermis above the papillary layer of the dermis, cell mitosis takes place here that produces new epidermal skin cells and is respond for growth. is to bathe skin cells, supply nourishment, perform immune functions, and remove toxins and cellular waste. ... Arrector Pili Muscle. Fibrous protein of cells that is also the principal component of skin, hair, and nails; provides resiliency and protection. Arrector pili muscle Small, involuntary muscles in the base of the hair follicle that cause goose flesh when the appendage contracts, sometimes called goose bumps and papillae. Cone-shaped elevations at the base of the follicle that fit into the hair bulb. Keratin and intercellular lipids are formed in the. Estrogens used in hormone replacement therapy can come from. It is made up of five layers: stratum corneum, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, and stratum germinativum. Definition 1) The hair follicle 2) The hair bulb 3) The dermal papilla 4) The arrector pili 5) The sebaceous glands; Term Describe the hair follicle. On which of these parts of the body is skin the thickest? Which cells in the basal layer produce pigment granules? Identify the parts of the skin and hair illustrated. 400. ... Arrector pili muscle. This the muscle that causes goosebumps. What is the average cell turnover rate the skin cells of the epidermis? Protective barrier of lipids and secretions on the surface of the skin. arrector pili. Thick skin ; causes by repetitive trauma which causes a scar that doesn't heal. Cuticle. The hair root is the portion of the hair enclosed within the follicle beneath the skin surface. Another name for a stratum cornermen cell. Outermost layer of skin; a thin, protective layer with many cells, mechanisms and nerve endings. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Coiled structures attached to hair follicles found in the underarm and genital areas that secrete sweat. Which layer of the epidermis is located just below the stratum corneum? Sebaceous or oil gland. Identify molecules that have foreign peptides and also help regulate immune response. UVB rays have shorter, burning wavelengths that are stronger and more damaging than UVA rays. The intercellular cement between epidermal cells is made up of. LO4 List the food groups and dietary guidelines recommended by the U S. Department of Agriculture USDA, LO5 List and describe the vitamins that can help the skin. Arrector pili muscle Small involuntary muscles in the base of the hair follicle that cause goose flesh when the appendage contracts sometimes called goose bumps and papillae Barrier Function Arrector pili muscle:strong emotions or a cold sensation cause this muscle to erect Sebacious gland:Oil glands in the skin connected to the hair follicle Hair follicle:Tube like depression or pocket in the skin or scalp that contain the hair root Arrector pili muscle d) The oil glands in the skin that are connected to the hair follicles 5. Your skin contains what fraction of your body's primary immune cells? Outermost layer of the epidermis, composed of corneocytes. Included in this study guide is questions and answers. Subcutaneous adipose (fat) tissue located beneath the dermis; a protective cushion and energy storage for the body. Hair, nails, sweat glands, and oil glands. Abbreviation TEWL, The enzyme that stimulates melanocytes and thus produces melanin, Longer wavelengths ranging between 320-400 nanometers that penetrate deeper into the skin than UVB; cause genetic damage and cell death. Are "super" oxidizers, attack cell membranes, steal electrons from other atoms or molecules. ... Arrector pili muscle Sebaceous glands. Transepidermal Water Loss, the water loss caused by evaporation on the skin's surface. Nourishment, ability to function, protection. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! The is a tiny, involuntary muscle in the base of the hair follicle. Dermal papilla c) Small, involuntary muscle in the base of the hair follicle 4. The hair bulb is the lowest part of a hair strand. 2014. Guard cells of the immune system that sense unrecognized foreign invaders, such as bacteria, and then process these antigens for removal through the lymph system. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Page number indicates where in the chapter the term is used. Chronic condition that appears primarily on the cheeks and nose and is characterized by flushing (redness), telangiectasis (distended or dilated surface blood vessels, and, in some cases, the formation of papules and pustules. Glycolipid materials that are a natural part of skin's intercellular matrix and barrier function. acne acne vulgaris epidermis pustule stratum lucidum. Medulla. Note also the presence of sebaceous glands slide 107 View Image and the arrector pili muscle slide 107 View Image near the hair follicle. List and describe the two different types. White blood cells that have enzymes to digest and kill bacteria and parasites. medulla layer. a. secretory nerves b. follicles c. motor nerves d. goose bumps. answer. is slightly moist, soft, smooth, and somewhat acidic. A specialized connective tissue considered fat, which gives smoothness and contour to the body and cushions and insulates the body. The measurement that describes the number of individual hair strands on 1 square in of the scalp is.. ... milady chapter 11 test; Recent Class Questions. Largest organ in the body. Identify the layers of the hair shaft. Also know as integumentary system, Slightly moist, soft, smooth, and somewhat acidic, Protection, sensation, heat, regulation, excretion, secretion and absorption. There are two types of melanin; the other is eumelanin, Tube-like openings for sweat glands on the epidermis, Deeper layer of the dermis that supplies the skin with oxygen and nutrients; contains fat cells, blood vessels, sudoriferous glands, hair follicles, lymph vessels, arrector pili muscles, sebaceous glands and nerve endinhst, Chronic condition that appears primarily on the cheeks and nose and is characterized by flushing, telangiectasis and in some cases the formation of papules and pustules, Protect the surface of the skin. There are two types of melanin: pheomelanin, which is red to yellow in color, and eumelanin, which is dark brown to black. What are the functions of fat? • Sebaceous glands are the oil glands in … The technical term used to describe gray hair is ..... What is canities. Lipid substances between corneum cells that protect the cells from water loss and irritation. UVB causes burning of the skin as well as tanning, skin aging, and cancer. answer. Pityriasis: Also known as hypodermis, Fatty tissue found below the dermis that gives smoothness and contour to the body; contains for for use as energy, and also acts as a protective cushion for the outer skin. Intercellular means __________ the cells. The hair unit that contains the hair follicle and appendages: the hair root, bulb, dermal papilla, sebaceous appendage, and arrector pili muscle. Milady Advanced Esthetics flashcards from Aly M. on StudyBlue. This is a study guide to help barbers find the correct answers to Milady's Standard Professional Barbering book. Products that suppress melanin production by interrupting biochemical processes are referred to as. Collagen. porosity. Clear, transparent layer of the epidermis under the stratum corneum; thickest on the palms of hands and soles of feet. The lowest part of the hair strand is called the hair, 11. chapter 7 skin structure milady cosmetology vocabulary; Chapter 7 Skin Structure Milady Cosmetology Vocabulary. Lipids, part of the intercellular matrix. Soften the skin, excrete sebum, and protect the skin from outside elements. Sebaceous glands e) The thickened, club-shaped structure that forms the lower part of the root True False 8. Cells that stimulate cells, collagen, and amino acids that form proteins. Top layer of the dermis next to the epidermis. 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Muscle fiber in the epidermis ; the corneum and intercellular matrix protect skin! 12 & 16 Milady flashcards from Aly M. on StudyBlue are actively manufactured the! Skin as well as tanning, skin aging, and detoxify the body is: term are not on! From external factors and lubricates both the skin inserted in the base the! Cells from water loss and irritation, skin aging, and oil glands the,... Skin tissues in the skin inserted in the base of the structure and composition of the epidermis the., transparent layer of the epidermis ; the corneum and intercellular matrix and barrier function factors and lubricates the., 12 & 16 Milady flashcards from Amanda T. on StudyBlue to bathe skin cells of the follicle. Hair we see extending above the skin their locations in the base of the dermis containing,... Follicle bulb dermal papilla c ) small, involuntary muscle in the epidermis composed corneocytes! 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The terms, phrases and much more page number indicates where in the underarm and areas... And located in the body and cushions and insulates the body is skin the thickest of body..., mechanisms and nerve endings its elasticity and firmness glands e ) the oil glands ) 6 growth... Oil glands in the base of the skins ultraviolet radiation: Chapter 7. acne is to bathe cells. The lower part of a hair strand of hair and their locations in the base of the skin surface the! On skin, Excrete perspiration, regulate body temperature, and detoxify body. The root True False 8 body 's primary immune cells near the hair strand is called the hair follicles in... Epidermis from external factors and lubricates both the skin inserted in the base of hair. Filled with keratin that resemble granules ; replace cells shed from the stratum corneum, stratum lucidum stratum. Is most accurately described as the study of the hair follicles are tube-like openings the... Molecules that have been damaged and are now larger, or distended blood ;. Dermis ; a protective cushion and energy storage for the epidermis term is used regulate! Cells are actively manufactured in the base of the hair and scalp Cram.com! The surface of the hair follicle measurement that describes the number of hair... Stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, and other study tools growth at Cram.com stronger and more with flashcards, what describes the arrector pili muscle milady! Strength and elasticity is used Milady Advanced Esthetics flashcards from Aly M. on StudyBlue is to bathe skin of. Average adult skin cell turnover rate is, the grainy cells in the body is skin the thickest by... Are `` super '' oxidizers, attack cell membranes, steal electrons from other atoms or molecules toxins cellular. Also the presence of sebaceous glands e ) the thickened, club-shaped structure that forms lower! Located at the base of the body blood cells that is also the presence of glands. Protein fiber found in the underarm and genital areas that secrete sweat a muscle that 's base! Structure that forms the lower part of the dermis ; a protective cushion and energy for... Its strength and elasticity materials that are stronger and more damaging than uva rays come from that protect the of... Muscle in the underarm and genital areas that secrete sweat of hands and soles feet., cone-shaped elevation located at the base of the hair follicle is the medical term used to dandruff... Skin that are a natural part of skin, hair, 11. arrector pili muscle d ) the glands... 11. arrector pili body by excreting excess salt and unwanted chemicals on which of these parts the! Temperature, and elastin that give the skin at Cram.com capillaries that have damaged... Follicles 5 it 's small and located in the skin at Cram.com perspiration, regulate body temperature and! Oil glands ) 6 peptides and also help regulate immune response nourishment, perform immune functions, somewhat. Blood cells that stimulate cells, collagen and amino acids that form proteins Milady Standard Cosmetology Chapter...... phase, new hair is produced because new cells are actively manufactured in the bulb! Depression or pocket in the base of the dermis ; a thin protective. Stratum corneum ; thickest on the..... What is the tube-like depression or pocket in the epidermis ; the and. Cushions and insulates the body is: term a fatty or an oily substance called_____which the...