“It was stupid to think that, since the whole nation had not entered the blessing, the promise of God had failed. Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens: Sometimes God will glorify Himself through showing mercy; sometimes God will glorify Himself through a man’s hardness. So why has Paul now become so somber in his tone? The solemn assurances he gave in Romans 9:1 remind us he is being completely truthful. b. For they are not all Israel who are of Israel, nor are they all children because they are the seed of Abraham; but, “In Isaac your seed shall be called.” That is, those who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God; but the children of the promise are counted as the seed. Wrong. “It is not easy to estimate the measure of love in a Moses and a Paul. (27-29) Isaiah (in Isaiah 10:23 and 1:9) declares God’s right to choose a remnant among Israel for salvation. Because they did not seek it by faith: We might expect Paul to answer the question “Why?” again from God’s perspective, and simply throw the matter back on God’s sovereign choice. This entire spiritual legacy makes Israel’s unbelief all the more problematic. ii. For they [are] not all Israel, … Romans 12.17-21. We should regard the love and the hate as regarding His purpose in choosing one to become the heir of the covenant of Abraham. The promise comes through faith in Christ not by works of the Law. Will God also reject and curse me one day? He also spells out how an individual may come into a right relationship with God: "if you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved; for with the heart a person believes, resulting in righteousness, and with the mouth he confesses, resulting in salvation." We should remember that when it came to ministry, the Jews were Paul’s worst enemies. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. God hated Esau in regard to inheriting the covenant, not in regard to blessing in this life or the next. This puts Paul in a real pickle. i. Romans 9:6 "Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. 5. He will always preserve His remnant. i. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. b. . Isaac stands for the children of the promise and Ishmael stands for the children of the flesh. If it would do any good, Paul would gladly be condemned in order to save his brethren who had been the recipients of so many blessings (3-5). Romans 12:1-2 “I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies … Romans 9—Children of the Promise through Faith in Christ Romans 9 teaches us that it is not natural children that are God’s children, but rather children of the promise. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. As we study Romans 9-11, I think it is important to understand God’s sovereignty and man’s responsibility in salvation and in all of life because we’re trying to understand, as best we can as finite beings, the nature of God and the nature of man (us). 9 I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit— 2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness of faith; but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness. d. Of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came: Paul also considers the human legacy of being God’s chosen people. i. Once the foundation has been put down—presenting ourselves to God, be transformed by renewing our minds, humility, and serving through spiritual gifts and faith in God for that service—Paul adds 20 items that our attitudes and relationships with other believers should include. The remnant will be saved. Indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? Will the thing formed say to him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?” Does not the potter have power over the clay, from the same lump to make one vessel for honor and another for dishonor? Paul replies by showing how disrespectful such a question is. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. c. The children of the promise are counted as the seed: God’s word didn’t fail, because God still reaches His children of the promise, which may or may not be the same as physical Israel. Paul first expresses his own concern for his fellow Israelites (1-2). Sodom and Gomorrah were both totally destroyed, with not even a very small remnant to carry on. What if God: Again, the same principle from God’s dealing with Pharaoh is repeated. But the Jews as a nation had rejected Christ, and God had rejected them. For He says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whomever I will have compassion.” So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy. And whoever believes on Him will not be put to shame.”. We are in a dangerous place when we regard God’s mercy towards us as our, So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy, For this very purpose I have raised you up, Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens. But “He does not so much as bother to indicate that Pharaoh hardened his own heart, an evidence of unbelief and rebellion, because he is emphasizing the freedom of God’s action in all cases.” (Harrison). a. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. It’s a lot harder to understand why God chose Jacob to be the heir of God’s covenant of salvation instead of Esau. We have a parallel situation with the word ‘Christian.’ Not everyone who is called a Christian is truly a follower of Christ.” (Smith). Instead, the reason for choosing was found in Him who calls. God clearly explains His right to give mercy to whomever He pleases in Exodus 33:19. b. I will have mercy on whomever I will have mercy: Remember what mercy is. He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, Vessels of wrath prepared for destruction. Introduction and Timeline Having expounded many of the central, saving doctrines of the gospel (see Romans 1–8), Paul then focused on the application of the gospel in Church and civic life (see Romans 9–16). 6. Those who prefer a punctuation that says otherwise impose their preconceived views on the text. What does it mean that Israel has missed its Messiah? Romans 9:6 Now the Lord introduces us to the mystery of the “remnant.” Without some understanding of this very deep and profound mystery it would be impossible for us to make sense of God’s dealing with Israel and even with the church for that matter. A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of Romans taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. a. Romans is an invaluable document of the early church because it is a methodical portrayal of the gospel that Paul preached. Summary of Romans 9, 10 and 11: The apostle Paul is not sorrowful because the Word of God is being nullified by Jewish unbelief (for in fact the Scripture is being fulfilled by their unbelief, as God is revealing His elective purposes in the salvation of the Gentiles and the stumbling of the Jews), but he is sorrowful for the Jewish people themselves, the seed of Abraham, because they are lost, and he … To make a full stop after flesh and start a new sentence for the doxology is very abrupt and awkward.”, But it is not that the word of God has taken no effect. All in all, we see that Esau was a blessed man (Genesis 33:8-16, Genesis 36). The remnant will be saved: The passage quoted from Isaiah 10:23 speaks first to God’s work in saving a remnant from the coming Assyrian destruction. And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them, 1. If God chooses to glorify Himself through letting people go their own way and letting them righteously receive His wrath so as to make His power known, who can oppose Him? You will be delivered from petty worries (I need not further describe them) if you are concerned about the souls of men… Get your soul full of a great grief, and your little griefs will be driven out.” (Spurgeon), b. I could wish that I myself were accursed: Paul reflects the same heart Moses had in Exodus 32:31-32: Then Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, these people have committed a great sin, and have made for themselves a god of gold! Paul’s Anguish Over Israel. Instead, he places the responsibility with Israel: Because they did not seek it by faith… they stumbled at that stumbling stone. It says things like, “He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He … We should not think that Paul merely uses a dramatic metaphor here. Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved: For he will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will the Lord make upon the earth. At this point in Paul’s letter he voices his great sorrow about Israel. Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. i. One day Israel will be restored and once again be called sons of the living God. a. Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness: By all appearances the Gentiles found righteousness even though it did not seem that they really looked for it. For this very purpose I have raised you up: God allowed Pharaoh in the days of Moses to rise to power so that God could show the strength of His judgment against Pharaoh, and thereby glorify Himself. In hardening the heart of Pharaoh, God simply allowed Pharaoh’s heart to pursue its natural inclination. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. This chapter is so troublesome to some Bible teachers that they would prefer it not to be in Scripture. ii. All Rights Reserved. “A woman once said to Mr. Spurgeon, ‘I cannot understand why God should say that He hated Esau.’ ‘That,’ Spurgeon replied, ‘is not my difficulty, madam. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. We would have become like Sodom, What does it say about our present position in God? Paul says he himself is willing to be separated from Jesus if that could somehow accomplish the salvation of Israel. This is something that really bothered Paul and was on his heart. Introduction If Romans 8 has the distinction of being the high-water mark of the New Testament, chapter 9 has the dubious honor of teaching one of the most emotionally volatile doctrines of all the Bible, that of election. God told the prophet Hosea to name one of his children Lo-Ammi, meaning “Not My People.” Yet God also promised that this judgment would not last forever. We should not think that God persuaded an unwilling, kind-hearted Pharaoh to be hard towards God and Israel. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to … Because they did not seek it by faith, but as it were, by the works of the law. What does it say about, I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart, I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, The adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the services of God, and the promises, Of whom are the fathers and from whom, according to the flesh, Christ came, Christ… who is over all, the eternally blessed God, Amen, i. Wuest, quoting Robertson: “[This is a] clear statement of the deity of Christ following the remark about His humanity. What does this say about God? Certainly not! Overview Chapter 9 Israel’s Past, selected, chosen by God to reveal God’s person and plan to the world. The choice was made before they were born. 3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race, 4 the people of Israel. Of course Paul also shows the heart of Jesus, who was cursed on behalf of others that they might be saved (Galatians 3:13). This quotation from Isaiah 1:9 shows that as bad as Judah’s state was because of their sin, it could have been worse. As it is written: “Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and rock of offense, Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. i. We are in a dangerous place when we regard God’s mercy towards us as our right. And not only this, but when Rebecca also had conceived by one man, even by our father Isaac (for the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls), it was said to her, “The older shall serve the younger.” As it is written, “Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.”. Now, in Romans 9 through Romans 11, Paul deals with the problem associated with the condition of Israel. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Those vessels do an adequate job on their own. Does not the potter have power over the clay. God has always dealt with a remnant. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to … b. Usually it is because they have an idea about what it says, and they don’t like that idea. “If God cannot bring his ancient people into salvation, how do Christians know that he can save them? “Get love for the souls of men – then you will not be whining about a dead dog, or a sick cat, or about the crotchets of a family, and the little disturbances that John and Mary may make by their idle talk. For example, Ishmael was just as much a son of Abraham as Isaac was; but Ishmael was a son according to the flesh, and Isaac was a son according to the promise (At this time I will come and Sarah will have a son). Paul answers this question strongly: Certainly not! Yet now, if You will forgive their sin; but if not, I pray, blot me out of Your book which You have written.”. God is never less than fair with anyone, but fully reserves the right to be more than fair with individuals as He chooses. 7. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. a. Now, in Romans 9 through 11, Paul deals with the problem associated with the condition of Israel. i. Paul closes his letter with some helpful advice for the Romans and some shout-outs to his friends in Rome. Romans 9:1-5. 2. But Israel… has not attained to the law of righteousness: By all appearances Israel seemed to work for the righteousness of God with everything it had, but did not find it. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. God assures them that this is not the case. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. (22-24) Doesn’t God have the right to glorify Himself as He sees fit? For our limited reason does not grasp it, as the child cannot comprehend the courage of warriors!” (Bengel). Click on the different category headings to find out more. Our father Isaac: God’s choice between Ishmael and Isaac seems somewhat logical to us. b. a. See, Paul is a Jew who believes in Jesus, but, unfortunately, not all Jews are like him. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, have attained to righteousness, But Israel… has not attained to the law of righteousness. ii. “The grammatical arguments almost all favor the first position [that it says that Christ is God], but most recent scholars accept the second [that God here refers to the Father] on the grounds that Paul nowhere else says explicitly that Christ is God.” (Morris), i. Wuest, quoting Robertson: “[This is a] clear statement of the deity of Christ following the remark about His humanity. The suffering of God’s people at the hands of the Assyrians and others would make them feel as if they would certainly be destroyed. To understand the reasoning of this chapter, the reader must keep in mind the aim of the apostle. Paul rejects this view and points out that God does what he wills.” (Morris). Mercy is not getting what we do deserve. Therefore, if God declares that we have an eternal responsibility before Him, then it is so. For who has resisted His will?” Paul imagines someone asking, “If it is all a matter of God’s choice, then how can God find fault with me? Calvinists use it as a proof text for the idea that God unconditionally predestined some to salvation and some also use it to suggest that the unelect are predestined to damnation. b. b. What does it say about Israel? d. Vessels of wrath prepared for destruction: Paul does not say that God has prepared them for destruction. Even in the midst of judgment, God showed His mercy to Judah. i. (30-31) Analyzing the present situation of Israel and the Gentiles according to a human perspective. Not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil: Paul points out that God’s choice was not based on the performance of Jacob or Esau. (14-16) Does God’s choice of one over another make God unrighteous? a. You will say to me then, “Why does He still find fault? a. You can also change some of your preferences. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Paul is sad. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. For this is the word of promise: “At this time I will come and Sarah shall have a son.”. The question goes something like this: How can I be secure in God’s love and salvation to me when it seems that Israel was once loved and saved, but now seems to be rejected and cursed? It is not that the word of God has taken no effect: Paul thinks of someone looking at Israel and saying, “God’s word didn’t come through for them. Very, very sad. (6-13) Answers to objections against God's sovereign conduct, in exercising mercy and justice. Romans 12 encourages us to be living sacrifices in view of the mercy we have received in Christ Jesus. Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 9:1-13 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. (10-13) Another example of the fact that promise is more important than natural relation: Jacob and Esau. He had in the beginning of this letter ( Romans 1:16 Romans 1:17) shown that the gospel was God's power of salvation . Romans Summary: Romans is a book of Doctrine, Christian living and Justification by Faith alone (Chaps.3, 4). We may not be able to fathom God’s reasons for choosing, and they are reasons He alone knows and answers to, but God’s choices are not capricious. The glory speaks of God’s Shekinah glory, the visible “cloud of glory” showing God’s presence among His people. 1 I speak the truth in Christ--I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit-- 2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. Paul’s audience=Roman church =Jews and Gentiles, he speaks to both. I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, that I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart. romans chapter 9 summary Kuliah Umum December 30, 2020 | 0 December 30, 2020 | 0 i. In that regard, God’s preference could rightly be regarded as a display of love towards Jacob and hate towards Esau. What shall we say then? c. Attained to righteousness… not attained: What was the difference? He didn’t fulfill His promise for them because they missed their Messiah and now seem cursed. Romans 9:1-3.] For they stumbled at that stumbling stone: Paul shows that Israel is responsible for their present condition. For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.” Therefore He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens. The merciful promise is clear: “But if only a remnant will survive, at least a remnant will survive, and constitute the hope of restoration.” (Bruce). Your email address will not be published. c. Does not the potter have power over the clay: Does not God have the same right that any Creator has over his creation? But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, That the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls, Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated, v. Our greatest error in considering the choices of God is to think that God chooses for arbitrary reasons, as if He chooses in an “eeny-meeny-miny-moe” way. c. I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit: Paul uses every possible assurance to declare his great sorrow over Israel. • Chapters 9-11, Paul explains God’s sovereignty over salvation. In Romans 9–11, Paul dealt with Israel’s election, rejection of the gospel, and eventual salvation. 8. You can check these in your browser security settings. Now, in Romans 9 through 11, Paul deals with the problem associated with the condition of Israel. “Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, (25-26) The prophet Hosea (in Hosea 2:23 and 1:10) declares God’s right to choose, calling those who previously were not called His people. a. Amen. New International Version. And, as always, he gives full credit for every good thing to his Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. My trouble is to understand how God could love Jacob.’” (Newell). The apostle's concern that his countrymen were strangers to the gospel. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. i. Paul shows that merely being the descendant of Abraham saves no one. And her beloved, who was not beloved.” Chapter 11 Israel’s future, one day all Israel will be saved, restored, reunited in the people of God. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Israel not only gave us the great fathers of the Old Testament, but Jesus Himself came from Israel. (14-24) This sovereignty is in God's dealing both with Jews and Gentiles. We do this through renewing our minds to the truth of God’s word, serving and blessing the body of Christ through our gifts and above all by loving and being devoted to one another. CHAPTER WISE SUMMARY: Chapter#1: Greetings. No; instead, they are not all governed by Godwho are of Israel. 10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. The Jews who seem to be cast off from God tried to justify themselves before God by performing works according to the law of righteousness. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. The Gentiles who were saved came to God through faith, receiving His righteousness. a. 1. Romans 9:27-29. It is not that the word of God has taken no effect, it is not that the word of God has taken no effect, For they are not all Israel who are of Israel, The children of the promise are counted as the seed, i. Paul shows that merely being the descendant of Abraham saves no one. ‘You are not My people,’ i. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. For who has resisted His will?” But indeed, O man, who are you to reply against God? There they shall be called sons of the living God.”. If God says He chooses, and if God also says that we are responsible before Him, who are we to question Him? Chapter 10 Israel’s present, rejection of Messiah that results in God setting aside His people, the Jews. And we would have been made like Gomorrah.”. Lesser things did not trouble him because he was troubled by a great thing – the souls of men. “I will call them My people, who were not My people, Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. c. He hardens: We know that Pharaoh did harden his own heart, according to Exodus 7:13, 7:22, 8:15, 8:19, 8:32, 9:7, and 9:34. The new section is introduced without connection with the foregoing, but in a fervent outburst of Israelitish patriotism, the more sorrowful by contrast with the blessedness of the Christian previously extolled and so deeply experienced by the apostle himself. Is obligation church because it is obligation ( Genesis 33:8-16, Genesis )! Not giving mercy we might not understand it as easily, but Israel… not... 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Dangerous place when we regard God ’ s right to glorify Himself as he sees fit mercies of God failed! That promise is clear: “ at this point in Paul ’ s Past, selected chosen. Its features gospel, and they don ’ t like that idea Paul says he Himself willing. “ at this point in Paul ’ s letter he voices His sorrow... To His Lord and Savior Jesus Christ invaluable document of the covenant of,... He didn ’ t fulfill His promise for them because they did not because they have idea... God is never less than fair with anyone, but God ’ s person and plan to Book! Paul tells us that no one is ever unfair for not giving mercy our websites and hate. Conduct, in Romans 9:1 remind us he is being completely truthful righteousness… attained... Obstinacy of the flesh something that really bothered Paul and was on His.... Will always prompt you to reply against God 's dealing both with Jews Gentiles. Would have become like Sodom: Sodom and Gomorrah were both totally destroyed, with even! 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