Muscle and nervous tissues rely on electrical activity to function. Muscle cells and nerve cells are two types of cells found in the animal body. Also, there is a good supply of blood and nerves in both tissues. The epithelium tissues provide protection from the outside world, usually through the skin, and can absorb, filter, and secrete. Every cell in each tissue type is made up of 13 parts, one of which is the nucleus. They help in transmitting messages from the brain to various parts of the body and vice versa. What are the Similarities Between Muscular Tissue and Nervous Tissue? They are made up of cells. The main difference between muscle and nerve cells is their structure and function. Did you have an idea for improving this content? Skeletal muscle is under voluntary, somatic nervous system control and is found in the muscles that move bones. The contraction of smooth muscle is controlled from the brain through the autonomic nervous system. However, each type of tissue is responsible for specific functions that promote the health of the body. The three types of muscle tissue exhibit similarities as well as differences. 3) epithelial tissues play a role in protection, connective in connections, nervous in signaling and muscle tissues in movements. The different types of connective tissue include adipose, fibrous, and elastic tissues as well as blood, bone, and cartilage. Connective tissue tends to exude more matrix (which can vary tremendously between different types of connective tissue - for example, bone has a mineralized, solid matrix, while blood has a liquid matrix), and to have fewer, more widely separated cells than the other three types. This line is called an intercalated disc: it assists in passing electrical impulse efficiently from one cell to the next and maintains the strong connection between neighboring cardiac cells. This system regulates the heart muscles automatically without a person thinking about it. Pay close attention to the presence of striations, the shape of the muscle fibers, and the number of nuclei present. 15. Histology is the the field of study that involves the microscopic examination of tissue appearance, organization, and function. Table 1 summarizes these differences. Different Systems in a Human Body Essay 1018 Words | 5 Pages ... a middle layer of muscle and elastic tissue. Cardiac muscle, shown in Figure 1, is found only in the heart. Muscle cells form muscle tissues which contract and relax muscles both voluntarily and involuntarily. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Muscle tissue consists of fibres, sacromeres and mycofibrils while Nervous tissues consist of cell body and cytoplasmic process. Constriction of smooth muscle occurs under involuntary, autonomic nervous control and in response to local conditions in the tissues. 2) Always has one free (apical) surface open to outside the body or inside (cavity) an internal organ. The functions of arteries are: • Carry oxygenated. Smooth muscle tissue is also called non-striated as it lacks the banded appearance of skeletal and cardiac muscle. Voluntarily controlled. Connective tissue is derived from the third germ layer, the mesoderm, which is the same source of origin of muscle tissue. The four main types of human tissue are epithelial, connective, muscle & nervous. 2. Every nucleus is made up of 4 parts. Most of the nervous tissue (98%) is located in the central nervous system, the brain, and spinal cord. read more. 4) muscle tissues are the strongest tissues. A tissue is a group of cells, in close proximity, organized to perform one or more specific functions.. Learn the locations and functions of the connective tissues in the lab materials. What are the similarities between muscle and nervous tissue? Classification of Tissues 't'y',k/ In what ways are neurons similar to other cells? However, each type of tissue is responsible for specific functions that promote the health of the body. The fascicles are surrounded by a protective layer known as perimysium. Check the appropriate space in the chart to indicate; which muscle types exhibit each characteristic. Figure 1 illustrates the histology of skeletal muscle. Like skeletal muscle, it has cross striations in its cells, but cardiac muscle has a single, centrally located nucleus. Nervous Tissue 1. Nerve Tissue. Cardiac muscle is not under voluntary control but can be influenced by the autonomic nervous system to speed up or slow down. read more, Muscle tissues are originated from mesoderm while Nervous tissues are originated by ectoderm. 5) egs: connective tissue - bone and blood. Muscle and nervous tissues are sometimes called composite tissues because they contain small amounts of areolar tissue along with their own muscle or nerve cells. cited sources Connective tissue One of the main classes of connective tissue is the bone tissue. What are the differences between muscle and nervous tissue? web.clark.edu Stratified read more, Tissues are composed of cells, and tissues are parts of the organs in each bodily system. Smooth Muscle. Is the heart a muscle tissue or a connective tissue? Characteristic Skeletal Cardiac Smooth. I. EPITHELIUM (EPITHELIAL TISSUE) These tissue types include nervous tissue, epithelial tissue, connective tissue, and muscular tissue. Tissues are groups of cells with a common structure (form) and function (job). Nervous tissue is comprised of nerves, which are comprised of neurons, that send and receive signals, and glial cells, which support the neurons. What are the similarities between muscle and nervous tissue? The walls of blood vessels, the tubes of the digestive system, and the tubes of the reproductive systems are composed of mostly smooth muscle. Muscle and nervous tissues are considered excitable tissues. Smooth muscle cells do not have striations, while skeletal muscle cells do. They are both sensitive, that is, something (a nerve drive) can make them react right away with an undeniable reaction - either another drive or constriction, for neuron or muscle cell, individually. Cardiac muscles produce powerful contractions, but the mechanism behind the squeezing of cardiac muscle fibers differs from skeletal muscles. Best Answers They are both sensitive, that is, something (a nerve drive) can make them react right away with an undeniable reaction - either another drive or constriction, for neuron or muscle cell, individually. Read More. Epithelial tissue covers the surface of the body and forms the lining of … Nerve cells form nervous tissues which rapidly receive and analyze information from a person's environment to produce an appropriate response. Muscle cells are the structural and functional unit of the muscle tissue while nerve cells are found in the nervous system. Figure 1. Muscle cells and nerve cells differ in both structure and function. Astrocytes regulate the chemical environment of the nerve cell, and oligodendrocytes insulate the axon so the electrical nerve impulse is transferred more efficiently. Other glial cells that are not shown support the nutritional and waste requirements of the neuron. Use the annotations provided, and refer to the Introduction for information to identify the muscular tissues in the post-lab questions. The nervous tissue is a highly specialized tissue that is present in the animals. nervous tissue - brain and spinal cord. Nervous tissue is specialized with a capability to conduct electrical impulses and convey information from one area of the body to another. Some of the glial cells are phagocytic and remove debris or damaged cells from the tissue. Cardiac muscle cells, found only in the heart, are striated and branching (with one nucleus); they are joined by intercalacted discs which allow the cells to synchronize the beating of the heart. The four major tissue types found in complex multicellular animals are connective, epithelial, muscle and nervous tissue. Observe each muscle tissue image, noting the similarities and differences. The term tissue is used to describe a group of cells that are similar in structure and perform a specific function. What parts of the nervous system control each muscle type? The cells in the epithelial tissue are organized into one or more cell layers. Age: 7th-12th Objectives: Students will be able to identify the fours basic body tissues, their characteristics and function. The large structure with a central nucleus is the cell body of the neuron. There are three types of muscle tissue: skeletal, cardiac and smooth. Muscle and nervous tissues are both richly vascularized. http://cnx.org/contents/185cbf87-c72e-48f5-b51e-f14f21b5eabd@10.8. Both tissue types consist of specialized cells and extracellular matrix. The nervous tissue is made of come specialized cells called neurons or nerve cells. The muscular tissues are bundled together and surrounded by a tough connective tissue similar to cartilage known as epimysium. How many members arę in the league of assasins? The bundle of nerve cells that run in long fibers called fascicles are surrounded by the epimysium. Nervous Tissue. What are some examples of nervous tissue. 16. Both these tissues are composed of living cells. Cardiac muscle tissue also has intercalated discs, specialized regions running along the plasma membrane that join adjacent cardiac muscle cells and assist in passing an electrical impulse from cell to cell. A nerve consists of neurons and glial cells. 3) Always had one fixed (basal) section attached to underlying connective tissue. Tissues are composed of cells, and tissues are parts of the organs in each bodily system. Think about lobes, nuclei, ganglia, tracts, etc. Striated muscles , are also called skeletal muscles because of their anatomical location, are formed from a large number of muscle fibers, that range in length from 1 … With epithelial tissue and connective tissue down, it's time to learn about the third type of tissue, and that's muscle tissue. List the three types of muscle tissue and their locations a. Cardiac fibers move due to changes in hormone levels and because of messages from the autonomic nervous system. it contains a calcified hard, matrix containing many collagen fibers and osteocytes that lie in lacunae. Skeletal muscle has striations across its cells caused by the arrangement of the contractile proteins actin and myosin. There are four basic tissue types defined by their morphology and function: epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue. It has a single, centrally located nucleus, as shown in Figure 1. There are three types of muscle in animal bodies: smooth, skeletal, and cardiac. There are four main tissues in the body – epithelium, muscle, connective tissue and nervous tissue. We’d love your input. Nervous tissue is characterized as being excitable and capable of sending and receiving electrochemical signals that provide the body with information. Connective tissue and muscle tissue are two of the four basic types of tissues in our body. X. Define body membrane a. list the four types, a location of each, and a function for each. Identify structural similarities between skeletal muscle and nervous tissue, focusing on prominent, specialized subcellular structures and organization of fibers. There are many differences. The Nervous System is the system of our body that deal. Equipment: Microscopes and histological slides. There are two types of nervous tissue… read more It is also very well vascularized and innervated. What is the difference between a neuron and a nervous tissue? They differ by the presence or absence of striations or bands, the number and location of nuclei, whether they are voluntarily or involuntarily controlled, and their location within the body. Muscle Tissue. Smooth muscle does not have striations in its cells. Projections from the cell body are either dendrites specialized in receiving input or a single axon specialized in transmitting impulses. Start studying Muscle & Nervous Tissue Identification. Note any similarities and differences 17. 1) Closely attached to each other forming a protective barrier. Each is made up of many... See full answer below. These muscle cells are relatively long and have multiple nuclei along the edge of the cell. An added feature to cardiac muscle cells is a line than extends along the end of the cell as it abuts the next cardiac cell in the row. Smooth muscle does not have striations in its cells. Muscle tissue generates force to provide movement, and nervous tissue is responsible for transmitting electrical and chemical signals throughout the body. More about The Structure And Function Of The Nervous And Muscular System. Moreover, both are present all over the body. epithelial - mucosal linings. Connective Tissue. muscle tissue - striated - muscles of the hands and legs Constriction of smooth muscle occurs under involuntary, autonomic nervous control and in response to local conditions in the tissues. It has a single, centrally located nucleus, as shown in Figure 1. Some glial cells are also shown. A Two main classes of cells make up nervous tissue: the neuron and neuroglia ( Figure 4.5.1 The Neuron). What are the differences between nervous and muscle tissue? What are the similarities between different tissue types? Nervous tissue will be covered in chapter 12 18. Epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue are the four basic types of animal tissue. The main cell of the nervous system is the neuron, illustrated in Figure 2. Nervous tissues are made of cells specialized to receive and transmit electrical impulses from specific areas of the body and to send them to specific locations in the body. 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